Growing a garden at home is a fun and rewarding way to care for the environment. If you live in a small apartment in the city, don’t be discouraged – with an urban garden you can still practice sustainable consumption by growing your own fruits and veggies from the comfort of your home.
Download our free guide, How to grow your own urban vegetable garden and master the simple steps to create an urban garden from scratch.
Whether gardening is a newfound passion or an old hobby, these gardening tips will help you care for your home garden and keep your green patch blossoming.
Prune your garden to control the size of your plants, so they don’t grow too large and crowd out other plants. Pruning also stimulates healthy new growth, which will improve the quality and size of your harvest.
For climbers and other plants that enjoy the ascent, install a trellis system to keep them off the ground. When left to sprawl on the ground these plants, such as tomatoes or cucumbers, can be prone to rotting or other damage. Trellising can be as simple as using metal or wooden stakes, and loosely tying the plant to the stake using ribbon or string to keep them upright. You can even recycle old t-shirts by tearing them into strips, which you can use as plant ties.
Certain plants grow well together because they need similar sunlight, soil and water conditions. And some plants, when situated next to each other, can even stunt each other’s growth. Companion planting involves pairing complementary plants next to each other, to improve the health and yield of your garden. For example, leafy greens like kale and lettuce absorb a lot of nitrogen from the soil, whereas legumes, such as peas and beans, restore nitrogen to the soil. So if you pair these groups together, they can create a balanced environment where both plant groups will thrive.
To get the best harvest, rotate your crops so that you don’t grow the same plant in the same bed of soil over successive seasons. This will keep the plants from depleting the nutrients in the soil and reduce the build-up of pests and diseases. It’s easy to do this: if you group similar plants together, such as garlic and onions, which both belong to the Allium family, after one year, move them to another bed of soil that hasn’t seen Allium plants for at least three years.
Healthy plants need healthy soil. Use a spade to turn your soil, keeping it loose and free of clods, which is better for moisture retention and drainage. You can also use organic-based fertilizers, such as compost, to enrich your soil with nutrients. There’s no need to buy chemical fertilizer if you can recycle kitchen scraps and garden waste into an organic compost. You can also use mulch in your garden. Pea or sugar cane straw are excellent for mulching as they will decompose slowly and feed the soil. Mulching helps to keep moisture in the soul, decreases weeds and keeps a stable temperature for the soil.
Want more tips about how to grow your own garden at home, including how to make the perfect soil for your fruits and veggies? Download our free guide How to grow your own urban vegetable garden and you will have a green-thumb in no time!
Gardening can be hard work! But the benefits of a home garden make gardening worth the effort.
Download our free eBook and learn the simple steps to create your own little green patch and enjoy the delicious harvest.